Firstly wash and rinse the dal, keep aside. Press SAUTE mode on Instant Pot. Add oil and once it's hot add cumin seeds. Let them crackle.Add asafetida, minced ginger-garlic, chopped green chili, curry leaves, and saute for 15 secs. Then add chopped onion. Saute till onions turn light brown in color.
Then add chopped onion. Saute till onions turn light brown in color.
Add tomatoes and cook till tomatoes turn soft, takes 2-3 minutes.
Then add turmeric powder, red chili powder, garam masala powder, rinsed lentils or dal, salt, water and give a stir. Adjust spices at this stage. No need to soak the dal for this recipe.
Close the lid on the pot, and turn pressure valve to SEALING position. Cancel Saute mode.
Set the pot to MANUAL/PRESSURE COOK (High Pressure) and increase timer to 8 minutes. Once the pot beeps, let it release the pressure naturally(NPR) for 10 minutes (Wait until silver button on lid drops).
Remove lid away from you, add cilantro. Also adjust consistency of the dal at this point.If its too dry , turn on SAUTE mode ,add some water and boil for 2 minutes.
Dal Tadka or Dal Fry is ready ,add extra tempering (tadka) and serve hot with boiled rice, quinoa or roti.